Writing Spy Fiction with an Unputdownable Plot
When you’re writing spy fiction you have one overriding goal: to keep the reader turning the pages. There’s no greater compliment to the spy thriller author than for their readers to say ‘I couldn’t put it down.’ But how can we keep the reader engrossed? How many supposed thrillers have you abandoned because you lost interest in them?
Make it a Page-turner
In this article I’m going to suggest four keys to developing a plot that has the reader sitting up all night:
First – Blockbuster Concept
Second – Killer Logline
Third – Flawless Structure
Fourth – Epic Narrative Drive
How to Develop a Blockbuster Concept
The concept is a single short sentence describing what your book is about. A blockbuster concept is one whose themes and appeal are:
- Easily communicated
Imagine you have less than ten words to tell your friend why they should go out and buy your book, what will you say? That’s your blockbuster concept.
The classic spy thrillers always have a concept that can be described in a single short sentence. For example:
What if an assassin had amnesia?
The Bourne Identity
A big-game hunter stalks Hitler
Can you explain the concept of your novel in less than ten words? If you can’t, find out the five ways to Discover Blockbuster Spy Novel Plot Ideas .
Once you have a blockbuster concept we can get the main characters and conflict of your novel established by deciding on the logline. The logline explains the WHO, WHAT, WHEN, WHERE, HOW and WHY of your story (and all in a one, or at the most two, sentences)!
There’s an art to writing a logline and Writing a Killer Logline introduces the Killogator formula that makes generating it easier. Here’s an example:
After 9/11, a CIA analyst spends years tracking Osama bin Laden down and must negotiate terrorist bombs, moral dilemmas and sceptical superiors to find the terrorist leader’s hiding place and persuade the government to attack it.
With the blockbuster concept and the logline nailed down, what we need to do is take that great idea and turn it into a story.
To do that we need a plot. And the first thing we need to do to work out our plot is decide what type of plot it’s going to be.
I’ve narrowed down our options to four classic spy novel plots that almost all spy thrillers use.
On The Run
To decide which type of plot is right for your novel see Spy Novel Plots – Four Great Spy Story Ideas .
Three Act Structure
Once we’ve sorted out the type of spy story we are writing, you simply take all the the ideas and cool scenes in your head and write them down, then decide where they go in the story. Think about the type of story and that should help you decide which bits go where in the three act structure, which looks something like this:
Act One – Setup
Act Two – Confrontation
Act Three – Consequences
Act One – Setup
You introduce the protagonist and something happens that they have to do something about. Act One ends with the protagonist committed to their goal. It should be 10 – 20% of the story.
Act Two – Confrontation
You show the protagonist struggling to reach their goal and confronting the antagonist, who is stopping them. Act Two ends with the protagonist at a crisis where it seems all is lost. This act is the bulk of the story, around 60%.
Act Three – Consequences
You show the consequences of the protagonist’s decisions in the previous acts. Act Three ends with the protagonist triumphant, although perhaps at high cost, or it ends with them failing tragically. The third act should be around 25% of the story.
Writing a Powerful Synopsis
So now we should have a blockbuster concept, a killer logline and a rough outline of the story. Now the aim is to get the story told, but on a single page, called a synopsis that shows the main events of the novel and who they fit together to tell a great story.
It can be difficult to get this right, that’s why Writing a Short Synopsis of Power is here to help you.
Epic Narrative Drive
Now with an awesome story to tell, we need to tell it just as well and for that we need narrative drive, because that’s what readers of spy books want. They are not primarily interested in the beauty of language for its own sake. In fact, straightforward language works best. What they do want is the excitement of the protagonist’s struggle with the antagonist. We are going to give our audience what it wants by following some simple rules.
Make it Realistic
Give them Action
1. Stunning Opening
Most readers won’t read several chapters of background and character introduction before the story really gets going. A lot won’t even read a first page where ‘nothing happens’. Page one should include an incident that points clearly to the blockbuster concept . For example, The Bourne Identity starts with the amnesic hero being pulled from the sea. Straight away the reader is wondering who the hero is and why he has lost his memory.
2. Dynamic Protagonist
This is the hero or heroine of the story. The reader of a thriller wants to follow their hero as he makes things happen. The heroes of spy novels shouldn’t sit back and watch things happen, they should get out there and make them happen. For example, the Jackal in The Day of the Jackal carries out his plan and the reader sees him making the assassination happen. See Archetypes to Make your Story Resonate for more on Protagonists.
3. Make it Realistic
Spy novels are not realistic. No real intelligence agency carries out plots like the ones shown in spy novels. But that doesn’t mean the story can dispense with an illusion of reality. Make sure there are no coincidences. Make sure there are logical reasons, however outlandish, why the events in the book happen. Eliminate all loose ends and plot holes. All these things take the reader out of the page-turning zone.
4. Give them Action
The protagonists of spy novels shouldn’t deal with issues inside themselves, they’re out to save (or destroy) the world. The action chapters are called set-pieces, and they’re where the author delivers action to the reader. The protagonist fights, chases, flies, examines and solves, and the reader is right there with them, looking over their shoulder as they do.
Because our aim is to keep the reader turning the pages and there’s an instinct to stop reading at the end of a chapter we have to make sure the reader can’t bear to put the book down but feels compelled to read on. We do that by ending each chapter just as an ‘exciting bit’ is about to happen. Cliffhangers are easy to arrange once you think like this, when you’re developing the plot just make sure you make a note of the cliffhanger you are going to end it on.
6. Startling Twists
Related to cliffhangers are twists. A spy thriller must have twists. New and surprising things must keep coming up. If the reader can see too clearly where the story is going then the page-turning stops. The trick of course is to make these twists happen without coincidences. And the trick to making sure there are no coincidences is to make sure everything is set up earlier. If there’s a gun hidden in the safe, mention it three chapters or more earlier.
I used all the techniques above when I was writing my spy thriller A Kill in the Morning. I submitted the novel to the Terry Pratchett Prize and it was shortlisted. That lead to it being published by Transworld, which is part of Random House Penguin, the biggest publishers in the world. So I know this stuff works!
You can read the opening here: The first two chapters of A Kill in the Morning .
If you’d like to buy A Kill in the Morning then:
- In the UK I recommend A Kill in the Morning on Amazon UK, although the novel is also available in bookshops.
- In the USA you can get the novel at A Kill in the Morning on Amazon USA
- In India it’s available at A Kill in the Morning on Amazon India.
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