Charade Movie Review
Charade staring Cary Grant as Peter Joshua, and Audrey Hepburn as Reggie Lampert, directed by Stanley Donen, and released in 1963, is a good example of a romantic-comedy-espionage-thriller, a genre crossover that’s hard to pull off.
The title is a figurative reference to the theme of the movie: deception and games. Referencing the theme of the movie in the title is a classic title generation technique.
(For more on titles, see How to Choose a Title For Your Novel)
When a woman’s husband is murdered, she discovers he was a rogue agent who stole a fortune from the CIA. With her life in danger, and both the CIA and her husband’s double-crossed accomplices on her tail, she has to find the money and decide whether she can trust the mysterious man who’s helping her.
(For how to write a logline, see The Killogator Logline Formula)
Charade: Plot Summary
Warning: My plot summaries contain spoilers. The major spoilers are blacked out like this [blackout]secret[/blackout]. To view them, just select/highlight them.
It’s 1963. Reggie Lampert decides to divorce her husband. She returns to Paris to tell him, but finds their flat empty and her husband missing, soon learning that he has been murdered. His only possessions when he died were a letter to her, a diary, four fake passports and a ticket to Venezuela. Later, Peter Joshua, who Reggie met briefly while on holiday, visits her. He says he read about her husband’s murder in the newspapers and wants to help.
Next day at the funeral, a gang of three men check Reggie’s husband is really dead, and a CIA agent asks Reggie to meet him at the US Embassy. The CIA agent tells Reggie that the gang, which her husband was part of, stole a quarter of a million dollars in gold from the US government. They want it back, and Reggie’s life is in danger if she doesn’t find it.
Peter offers to help Reggie find the money, but she quickly realises that he may be secretly helping the gang. Reggie loses Peter and goes to speak to the CIA agent again. This time he tells her that the three men and her husband were rogue members of the World War II American spy agency, OSS. Together with a fourth man, who died during the operation, they stole the OSS gold. Reggie’s deceased husband then double-crossed the others and kept the gold for himself. The CIA agent also asks Reggie to find out who Peter really is.
When Reggie confronts Peter, he claims he’s the brother of the dead gang member and wants to find out who murdered him. Later, Reggie and Peter meet with the gang and Peter puts the idea in the gang member’s heads that one of them has the money. After this, two of them are murdered.
Meanwhile, Reggie falls in love with Peter. She still doesn’t really trust him though, especially after the CIA agent tells her that the dead gang member didn’t have a brother…
Reggie, Peter and the remaining gang member [blackout]all go to the location of the last appointment noted in Reggie’s husband’s diary, which is a stamp market. Separately, they all realise that Reggie’s husband must have used the money to buy valuable stamps and then stuck them to the letter he left for Reggie. Peter rushes back to get the stamps but they’re gone because Reggie gave them to a boy stamp-collector. Reggie finds the boy, but he says he’s swapped the stamps with a stamp dealer. Luckily, the dealer is an honest man who returns the stamps to Reggie.[/blackout]
Reggie [blackout]finds the last gang member murdered. It looks like Peter is the murderer, so Reggie arranges to meet the CIA agent and give him the stamps. When she leaves the hotel, Peter chases after her. At the meeting point, Reggie ends up trapped between the two men.[/blackout]
Peter [blackout]tells her that the CIA agent is really the fourth gang member, who she thought was dead. The CIA agent admits this, and that he killed all the others. He tells Reggie to give him the stamps or he’ll kill her too, but Peter shoots at him, giving Reggie a chance to hide. Just as the CIA agent is about to kill Reggie, Peter drops him through a trap door, killing him.[/blackout]
Next day, Reggie [blackout]goes to the embassy to give the stamps to them. When she gets there, she’s surprised to find Peter, who’s really the US Treasury agent tasked with recovering the money. With his true identity revealed, Peter admits he loves her and promises to marry her.[/blackout]
(For more on summarising stories, see How to Write a Novel Synopsis)
The best thing in Charade is Audrey Hepburn. The movie relies heavily on the charisma of the two stars, and particularly on the screen presence of Hepburn.
Charade is unusual, for the time at least, in that Hepburn is the main character and Cary Grant is the helper/love interest. Some of that, reportedly, was because Grant was very conscious of their age difference (he was fifty-nine and Hepburn thirty-three). He insisted that Hepburn’s character had to pursue his to avoid him coming over as the creepy older guy.
This lends a slightly disjointed air to proceedings as the bulk of the plot is about whether Reggie can trust Peter, which is then rather undermined by scenes of Reggie announcing how much she loves him.
There’s also a brief scene of a telephone call shortly before the dénouement that gives away who’s really who. Reggie’s dilemma at the end then is non-existent, as it’s obvious who she should trust.
Charade has a Mission plot (see spy movie plots). Reggie’s mission being to find the money. But the plot is not really the strong point and makes limited sense.
Amongst other issues:
- Why was Peter in the ski-resort at the start of the movie?
- Reggie doesn’t show the slightest sadness at her husband’s death, or her consequent complete impoverishment.
- Instead, she immediately starts flirting with a stranger who’s definitely following her and probably has nefarious motives.
- The gang stole a quarter of a million dollars in gold (about three million dollars worth now), and Reggie’s husband apparently used the lot to furnish his apartment?
- And then he sold the contents of the apartment for the same amount, twenty years later?
- And what have the rest of the gang been doing for those twenty years?
- No one thought to go to the location in the diary straight away, even though it’s the only lead?
- No one noticed that [blackout]the stamps were from three different countries, one of which was Hawaii?[/blackout]
- Reggie calls the CIA agent multiple times, every time being put through to him at home, but then the last time she calls somehow she’s put through to the embassy?
Still, it’s the kind of film where the details of the plot and the immense plot holes just aren’t that important. It’s a triumph of star-power and style over logic and plot substance.
I’ve watched or read several comedy-romance-thrillers recently (e.g. Olivia Joules), and tried to analyse what makes them work.
Some characteristics that seem to help are:
- Sympathetic protagonists with romantic chemistry.
- Quick-fire, clever, sexy, bantering and one-liners.
- Antagonists who are genuinely menacing yet at the same time amusing and/or devilishly charming.
- A plot that doesn’t either overshadow the fun or shade into ridiculousness.
- An intriguing plot with mystery and suspense that’s not peripheral to the comedy.
- Genuine, and escalating, sense of threat, but not too much violence and no brutality.
Critics often describe Charade as “the best Hitchcock film Hitchcock never made.” because it borrows a lot of its style from Hitchcock’s comedy-romance-thrillers like North by Northwest and The Thirty-Nine Steps
Alfred Hitchcock was a master of the comedy-thriller and he said: “For me, suspense doesn’t have any value if it’s not balanced by humour.” This is really interesting, because in so many comedy-thrillers the humour seems to detract from the suspense. In contrast, Hitchcock felt that comedy could heighten tension, and that sympathetic, witty characters and ironic and whimsical situations can make a story suspenseful and funny at the same time.
‘Hitchcockian’ movies feature a protagonist who’s:
- A plucky underdog mixed up in a plot they don’t understand.
- Unsure who they can trust.
- Pursued by a threatening Antagonist (and often the authorities, too).
- Romantically involved with an innocent who is somehow dragged into the plot.
- Forced to use their wits and ingenuity to escape from traps set by the Antagonist.
- Involved in dramatic set-piece action sequences at iconic locations.
Hitchcock’s movies also often revolve around a MacGuffin – an item that’s of no direct plot relevance, that the characters are all searching for. In Charade, the MacGuffin is the stolen money. In North by Northwest it’s uranium, and in The Thirty-Nine Steps it’s stolen secrets.
Charade: My Verdict
Deserves its reputation as “the best Hitchcock film Hitchcock never made”. Worth watching for Audrey Hepburn alone.
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