The Final Countdown – Movie Review
The Final Countdown is a time-travel movie from 1980, starring Kirk Douglas and Martin Sheen. It’s often described as an alternative history movie, though technically it isn’t. Despite that, it has gathered a cult following over the years.
The Final Countdown: Title
The title uses a classic title archetype, the Problem, being a reference to the countdown to the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.
(For more on titles, see How to Choose a Title For Your Novel)
The Final Countdown: Logline
When a modern aircraft carrier arrives near Pearl Harbor in 1941 and discovers the Japanese ready to attack, the time-travellers must decide whether to change history by destroying the Japanese fleet.
(For more on loglines, see The Killogator Logline Formula)
The Final Countdown: Plot Summary
Warning: My plot summaries contain spoilers. Major spoilers are blacked out like this [blackout]secret[/blackout]. To view them, just select/highlight them.
It’s 1980. In the Pearl Harbor naval base, the USS Nimitz is preparing to leave for a routine patrol of the Pacific. The aircraft carrier is under the command of Captain Matthew Yelland and his second in command, Richard Owens. A Department of Defence attaché, Warren Lasky, joins the ship to observe procedures.
While at sea, a vortex-like phenomenon of unknown origin engulfs the Nimitz. When it emerges from the vortex, the Nimitz has lost contact with Pearl Harbor. Assuming a nuclear war must have broken out, the Captain orders his aircraft to reconnoitre. They return with bizarre photographs of Pearl Harbor—undamaged but full of WW2-era warships.
Shortly after this, the ship’s radar picks up a contact. Two fighter jets investigate and discover WW2 Japanese fighters attacking a civilian yacht. The jets shoot the Japanese fighters down and the Nimitz rescues the yacht’s survivors and one of the Japanese pilots. When the survivors board the Nimitz, Owens recognises Senator Chapman—a politician who disappeared in 1941. Chapman was expected to become Vice President of the United States and so would have become President in 1945 when Franklin Roosevelt died.
Reluctantly, the Captain accepts that the vortex has somehow transported the Nimitz back to the sixth of December 1941: the day before the Japanese attack that started WW2.
Dilemmas and Paradoxes
Further reconnaissance flights reveal the Japanese fleet in position to attack Pearl Harbor. The Captain asks his senior officers their opinions. Owens says Nimitz can easily destroy the Japanese fleet but Lasky argues that tampering with history could be dangerous. Even saving Senator Chapman may mean he becomes President, with unpredictable consequences. Destroying the Japanese fleet could result in the Nimitz never being built, creating a time paradox. The Captain states he has a duty to defend the USA, whichever time he finds himself in.
The Japanese pilot grabs a weapon and takes Senator Chapman prisoner. He demands access to a radio so he can warn the Japanese Fleet about the Nimitz, but he’s shot by marines.
Senator Chapman demands a radio to warn Pearl Harbor but, when he contacts the navy base, they don’t believe him. He demands that the Captain allow him to go to Pearl Harbor to warn it in person.
Concerned that Senator Chapman will alter history by becoming President, the Captain orders Owens to drop Chapman on an isolated island, from which someone will eventually rescue him. Owens takes Chapman by helicopter but, realising they’ve tricked him, Chapman grabs a flare gun and fires it, destroying the helicopter. Owens ends up stranded on the island.
Now, the Captain must decide whether to destroy the Japanese fleet, risking a time-paradox, or to stand aside…
Eventually, [blackout]he orders a full-scale strike against the Japanese carriers.[/blackout]
However, [blackout]before the strike reaches the Japanese fleet, the vortex returns, sending the Nimitz and its crew back to 1980.[/blackout]
Back [blackout]in 1980, Lasky meets a much older Owens who, stranded in 1941, has lived through the intervening forty years.
(For more on summarising stories, see How to Write a Novel Synopsis)
The Final Countdown Ending Explained
At the end of the movie, the Nimitz is about to attack the Japanese Fleet. However, before the strike reaches the fleet, the vortex returns and sends the Nimitz and its crew back to 1980. Back in 1980, the Department of Defence attaché who was on the voyage, Lasky, meets a much older man.
The older man is the Nimitz’s second in command, Owens. Owens was last seen in 1941, stranded on the island he was trying to drop the senator on. Owens must have escaped from the island and lived in the USA for the intervening forty years.
It’s then hinted that Owens used his knowledge of future technology to create the Nimitz and that Lasky knew about this and joined the crew in order to witness events.
So, the man who created the Nimitz was from the Nimitz, a time-travel paradox…
The Final Countdown: Analysis
Some people describe The Final Countdown as an alternative history movie, but I disagree. I define it as a secret history movie.
In alternative history, a Point of Departure occurs: there’s an incident that’s not the same in the alternative world as it was in the real world. Because of that one alteration, more and more things change, creating the alternative history.
As the ‘time vortex’ moving the USS Nimitz to 1941 is a point of departure, The Final Countdown is potentially an alternative history. The difference though is the scope of the story.
If a time-traveller’s actions:
- Create a new history, then the story is an alternative history.
- Have small-scale or personal consequences only, then the story is a time travel story.
- Create the real world, then the story is a secret history.
If the Nimitz had stopped the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, then The Final Countdown would be an alternative history movie, but it doesn’t. This makes The Final Countdown a secret history story.
See What is Alternative History for more on alternative history, secret history and other similar story types.
By modern standards, The Final Countdown is quite a slow film. There’s a lot of what looks almost like stock footage of aircraft, helicopters and US Navy crewmen just doing their jobs. One sequence of an aircraft making an emergency landing seems to have nothing to do with the rest of the movie.
I also thought that the screenplay didn’t make enough of the danger of a time paradox. It felt to me like the writers got a bit lost in the complexities of the scenario. For example, it makes no sense to isolate Senator Chapman to stop him changing history, whilst at the same time radically changing history by attacking the Japanese fleet.
Finally, the ending of The Final Countdown is an anti-climax. The entire story feels like it’s setting up a battle between the Nimitz and the Japanese fleet. Obviously, the budget didn’t allow for that, and so the film doesn’t really deliver on the promise it made its audience.
“What would have happened if the Nimitz remained trapped in 1941?” is the alternative history scenario raised, but not entirely delivered, in The Final Countdown. Fan fiction on AlternateHistory.com has explored that scenario. The stories describe the battles the Nimitz would have fought and look at the issues it would face, such as keeping its reactor going and its aircraft flying with no access to spare parts or fuel.
Similarly, John Birmingham used a related scenario to The Final Countdown in his alternative history novel Weapons of Choice. In Weapons of Choice he transports a multinational Task Force from 2021 to 1942, just before the Battle of Midway. The modern ships radically change history, with consequences explored in two further novels.
The manga and anime, Zipang, explores the reverse scenario, in which a modern Japanese destroyer, the JDS Mirai, arrives at the Battle of Midway. In Zipang, the Japanese crew attempt to avoid altering history, but find it impossible.
The Final Countdown: My Verdict
Worth a watch. Enjoyable enough as it is, but begging for a reboot/reimagining.
Want to Watch It?
Here’s the trailer:
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